In the series [3 phrasal verbs for today] I'll give you some very common and useful words. Don't worry! It's not a long list that you have to learn by heart. There are only three of them so you won't have any trouble remembering them. I will also give you the context and explain how to use them. Let's go! : )
Quick reminder: phrasal verb = verb (eg come) + preposition (eg on)
It consists of (at least) two words [verb plus preposition]. When we combine those words, we get another meaning.
Our first phrasal verb, according to Cambridge Dictionary, means:
to stop trying to do something before you have finished, usually because it is too difficult.
You can think of this as giving the chance to finish this task to somebody else. For example, to your neighbor who lives above you - is up.
I tried to persuade her, but after 10 minutes I gave up.
The next phrasal verb is can be understood much more literally than the previous one. Cambridge Dictionary defines it as:
to leave a place where you have lived or worked in order to go somewhere else
The verb move says that something changes place.
I moved from Paris to London
It means that I don't live in Paris anymore. Now I am in London.
The preposition out means that something is simply not inside, included or there.
He is out of the town
It means that he is not in the town but somewhere else.
Combined, they mean that you go and live in another place.
I moved out from my parents where I was 16.
The last phrasal verb is very strange.
Its meaning differs completely from the words it is made of.
What I found in Cambridge Dictionary is:
to come to see someone, usually briefly and without a specific invitation
The verb drop means to let something fall
She dropped her keys.
It means that the keys were in her hands and now they are on the ground.
The preposition by says that something is near, attached or that something is done in a particular manner or using a certain method.
I enjoy walking by the river.
It means that the place where I walk is near the river.
I found it by a chance.
It means that it was thanks to luck that I found it. Chance was her tool.
Together the words mean that I, usually spontaneously, decided to visit someone. You can think about this like this:
I thought I dropped something by your house. So where I went looking for it I was near and thought I would come and see you.
I walk into the neighborhood and decided to drop by.
I hope you will remember those 3 phrasal verbs and will use them from time to time. However, I know that if you want to learn something, you need to practice it. Therefore, I ask you to come up with one sentence per each phrasal verb and say them out loud or write them down. Everything is good for you! : )